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Ruins rugs are horizontally banded weavings that are often
made from natural sheeps and
vegetal dyed wools. Ganado weavings are distinguised by the
use of a deep red color, which is
termed Ganado Red and which made the area famous. The Teec Nos Pas weavings
are from northeastern
Arizona. The use of complex zigzag designs with an abundance of color
outlined by a bold and complex
border make these rugs some of the most highly prized weavings for
collectors and interested buyers.
The Storm pattern rugs were produced mostly in the Western
The Storm is an old pattern that was common the early 1900’s. The lightning shapes in the
link the four corners, which represent the Navajo's Four Sacred Mountains, to the center.
Chief, Moki, Eye Dazzler, and Germantown weavings
are copies of earlier styles that were found
on the reservation prior to the trading post. The Chief blanket
represents an early weaving style
that is made up of stripes and diamonds. The Chief weaving
was highly valued by other tribes
and especially by the Plains Indians.
The Germantown and Eye Dazzler rugs were a result
of the introduction of commercial dyes
and yarns by the early traders. The weavers' use of colors and complex,
were unlimited. Today's Navajo weavers have done an outstanding
job of recreating the
excitement and look of the early Germantown and Eye Dazzler weavings.
Pictorial weavings including sandpainting rugs, and Yeii and Yei
Bicheii rugs have a strong,
Four Corners origin. The white background in the Yei rug is
generally referred to as The Shiprock Yei rug.
These rugs can be technically difficult to weave and are very popular
among buyers and collectors
today as they were in the last century. Weavers now are both men
and women, which is a change
from the early weaving traditions where women were the primary rug
creators. Weavers still
stick to the styles of their particular regions, however, in the
later part of the 20th century
some weavers began combining some of the regional styles making sampler
rugs with several in
one weaving or a rug in a rug (e.g. a Storm in a Wide Ruins).
Another change or innovation is that
some weavers combine elements of various styles in one rug, for example,
pictorial elements in a Germantown weaving.